Baby cages, also known as baby cribs or baby boxes, were contraptions used in the early 20th century to allow infants to spend time outdoors while living in cramped urban environments.
These cages were essentially wire or mesh enclosures that could be attached to the exterior of a building, typically on a window ledge or balcony, providing a small outdoor space for the baby to play and get fresh air.
The concept of baby cages emerged in the late 19th century as a response to overcrowded living conditions in urban areas, particularly in cities like London and New York.
With limited living space and lack of access to gardens or parks, parents sought alternative solutions to ensure their children had exposure to sunlight and fresh air, believed to be essential for healthy development.
The first documented use of baby cages dates back to the early 1900s. In 1914, an American pediatrician named Luther Emmett Holt published a book titled “The Care and Feeding of Children,” which included a section on the use of baby cages. Holt recommended that infants spend time outdoors, even if they lived in apartments without access to open spaces.
Baby cages became particularly popular in the 1920s and 1930s. They were marketed as a practical solution for city-dwelling parents who had limited space and wanted to ensure their children received proper ventilation and sunlight.
Some manufacturers claimed that the cages helped prevent rickets and other health issues associated with vitamin D deficiency.
The cages themselves were typically made of wire mesh or metal frames with a cushioned mattress or bedding inside. They were designed to be securely attached to the window ledge or balcony, allowing the baby to play or nap safely while being exposed to the outdoor environment.
The cages often had safety features such as latches or straps to prevent accidental falls. The use of baby cages, however, was not without controversy. Critics raised concerns about safety, potential falls, and the emotional well-being of the child being confined to such a limited space.
The practice drew both support and criticism from the public and medical professionals. Over time, as urban planning and housing conditions improved, and as medical understanding of child development evolved, the popularity of baby cages declined.
By the mid-20th century, they had largely fallen out of use and were replaced by other means of providing outdoor exposure for infants, such as strollers and portable playpens.
Today, the use of baby cages is considered obsolete and unsafe. Modern approaches to child rearing prioritize the importance of supervised outdoor play and utilize safer alternatives that meet contemporary safety standards.
While baby cages were a product of their time, they serve as a reminder of the social and environmental challenges faced by families living in densely populated cities during the early 20th century.